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Beyond Fire Safety Plans - The urgent need to protect residential high-rise dwellers

Vaughan shooting victims and the need for emergency plans in condos

About Condos, and Emergencies

Living in a high-rise condominium building provides many advantages, including breathtaking views, convenient amenities, and a vibrant community. However, it's crucial to prioritize safety and preparedness in these vertical communities. This has become clearly evident in the 2022 mass shooting in Vaughan, ON, in which several board members were gunned down by a gun-owning resident of the building. While fire safety plans have long been a mandatory requirement, it is equally important for condo buildings to have a comprehensive emergency building plan. In this article, we will explore the regulatory requirements in Canada, particularly in Ontario, for having an emergency building plan for residential high-rise buildings and discuss why it is a vital aspect of ensuring residents' safety.

Fire Safety Plans and Beyond:

Fire safety plans have traditionally been the cornerstone of emergency preparedness in residential buildings. These plans outline procedures for evacuation, fire prevention measures, and equipment maintenance. However, as we strive to enhance safety standards, it has become evident that high-rise condo buildings should have a more comprehensive approach to emergency planning.

Ontario's Regulatory Framework:

In Ontario, the Fire Code, which is part of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997, establishes the requirements for fire safety planning in all buildings, including residential high-rise condos. Under the Fire Code, every building owner or manager is mandated to develop and implement a fire safety plan, which outlines procedures for fire prevention, evacuation, and communication during an emergency.

However, in recent years, the Ontario government has expanded the scope of emergency preparedness by introducing additional regulations. The new requirements emphasize the importance of emergency building plans, which encompass a broader range of emergency situations beyond fires.

The Need for an Emergency Building Plan:

While fire incidents are undoubtedly a significant concern in high-rise buildings, emergencies such as power outages, severe weather events, gas leaks, and acts of violence can also pose threats to the safety and well-being of residents. An emergency building plan ensures that appropriate measures are in place to address various emergency scenarios promptly and efficiently.

Key Components of an Emergency Building Plan:

An effective emergency building plan includes several crucial components. These may include:

Emergency Contacts: A comprehensive list of emergency contacts, including building management, security personnel, local authorities, and utility companies.

  • Evacuation Procedures: Detailed instructions on evacuation routes, assembly points, and procedures for residents and building staff during different emergency situations.

  • Communication Protocols: Clear guidelines for communication among residents, building management, and emergency responders. This may involve using public address systems, mobile notifications, or designated emergency communication channels.

  • Shelter-in-Place Procedures: Plans for situations where evacuation might not be feasible or safe, such as during severe weather conditions.

  • Emergency Equipment and Facilities: Ensuring the availability and accessibility of emergency equipment, such as fire extinguishers, first aid kits, emergency lighting, and backup power sources.


Prioritizing safety and emergency preparedness is of paramount importance in residential high-rise condo buildings. While fire safety plans have long been a regulatory requirement, it is crucial to have a comprehensive emergency building plan that encompasses a wide range of emergency scenarios. In Canada, including Ontario, regulations have evolved to acknowledge the significance of these plans in protecting residents' lives and well-being. By implementing a well-designed emergency building plan, condo buildings can enhance safety measures, mitigate risks, and foster peace of mind among residents, ensuring a secure and prepared living environment for all.


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